Formula Grants

STOP (Services, Training, Officers, and Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant


STOP (Services, Training, Officers, and Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grants are awarded to states to develop and strengthen the criminal justice system’s response to violence against women and to support and enhance services for victims. Each state and territory must allocate 25 percent of the grant funds for law enforcement, 25 percent for prosecution, 5 percent to courts, and 30 percent for victim services. The remaining 15 percent is discretionary within the parameters of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA).


STOP grants are authorized by VAWA and subsequent legislation to support communities, including American Indian tribes and Alaska Native villages, in their efforts to develop and strengthen effective responses to sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence and stalking. VAWA also funds three other formula grant programs—Sexual Assault Services Program, Grants to state sexual assault and Domestic Violence Coalitions, and Grants to Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Tribal Coalitions Program. The FY 2021 STOP Formula Grant Program solicitation is here.

Match Requirements

STOP Formula Funds generally require a 25 percent match. Victim service providers and tribes are always exempt from the match.

Potential Uses

In 2016, OVW published a rule that included clarification about legal services and specifically mentions courts in § 90.17(a): “Funds granted to qualified States are to be further subgranted by the State to agencies, offices, and programs including, but not limited to, State agencies and offices; State and local courts; units of local government; public agencies; Indian tribal governments; victim service providers; community-based organizations; and legal services programs to carry out programs and projects to develop and strengthen effective law enforcement and prosecution strategies to combat violent crimes against women, and to develop and strengthen victim services in cases involving violent crimes against women, and specifically for the purposes listed in 42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b) and according to the allocations specified in 42 U.S.C. 3796gg–1(c)(4) for law enforcement, prosecution, victim services, and courts.”


Technology would be allowed under “other resources” referenced in 34 U.S.C. 10441(b) which governs the purpose areas and specifies that “grants…shall provide personnel, training, technical assistance, data collection and other resources for the more widespread apprehension, prosecution, and adjudication of persons committing violent crimes against women [and] for the protection and safety of victims.”


The U.S. DOJ’s frequently asked questions regarding STOP Formula Grants references legal aid and courts, including:

  • “[S]tates can now provide a full range of legal services, such as housing, family law, public benefits, and other similar matters.”
  • Courts can receive funds but then subcontract some or all of them to another entity such as a victim service provider for all or part of a project. This could potentially include court-related technology needs.
  • States must consult and coordinate with various stakeholders including courts to develop the state implementation plan.

The 2021 STOP Formula Grant Program solicitation identifies 20 purpose areas, several of which specifically reference courts: training court personnel; developing and implementing more effective court policies, protocols, orders, and services; developing, installing, or expanding data collection and communication systems, including computerized systems for courts; domestic violence court advocates; formal and informal statewide, multidisciplinary efforts that include courts; and developing, enlarging, or strengthening programs to assist courts addressing the needs of older and disabled women.



Administering Federal Agency

U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women (OVW)

Find Your State/Local Administrator

OVW has a STOP Administrator contact list, for each state’s primary and secondary contact.

Amount of Available Funding

Find each state’s FY2021 STOP Formula Grant amount here.

More Information

To find examples of courts and/or their justice partners receiving these funds, click on the PDF.

Formula Grants

AmeriCorps logo

AmeriCorps State and National Grants

AmeriCorps provides grants to a broad range of local and national organizations and agencies committed to using service to address compelling community issues.

AmeriCorps logo

AmeriCorps VISTA

AmeriCorps VISTA program is guided by four core principles: anti-poverty, community engagement, capacity building, and sustainable solutions.

HUD Exchange

Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)

The CDBG program works to ensure decent affordable housing, to provide services to the most vulnerable in our communities, and to create jobs through the expansion and retention of businesses.

US Department of the Treasury

Emergency Rental Assistance Program (ERAP)

The American Rescue Plan Act built upon the ERAP, is set to reduce evictions by providing an additional $21.6 B in emergency rental assistance for low-income renters who have lost income…

HUD Exchange

Emergency Solutions Grants (ESG) Program

The Emergency Solutions Grants Program focuses on assisting people to quickly regain stability in permanent housing after experiencing a housing crisis and/or homelessness.

US Department of the Treasury

Homeowner Assistance Fund (HAF)

The HAF is for the purpose of preventing homeowner mortgage delinquencies, defaults, foreclosures, loss of utilities or home energy services, and displacements of homeowners experiencing financing hardship due to…

US Department of the Treasury

State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds (FRF)

FRF is the largest and most flexible source of American Rescue Plan Act funds to help states, counties, cities and Tribal governments cover increased expenditures, replenish lost revenue…