Formula Grants

Emergency Solutions Grants (ESG) Program

HUD Exchange


The ESG program provides funding to (1) engage homeless individuals and families living on the street; (2) improve the number and quality of emergency shelters for homeless individuals and families; (3) help operate these shelters; (4) provide essential services to shelter residents; (5) rapidly rehouse homeless individuals and families; and (6) prevent families/individuals from becoming homeless.

ESG is a formula grant program and eligible recipients generally consist of metropolitan cities, urban counties, territories, and states, as defined in 24 CFR 576.2. The ESG funding formula is based on geographic size, population, and poverty rates. All recipients must consult with the Continuum(s) of Care operating in the jurisdiction to determine how to subgrant ESG funds.

Match Requirements

Metropolitan cities and urban county recipients must match grant funds with an equal amount of contributions, which may include cash, donated buildings or materials, and volunteer services. States must match all but $100,000 of their awards, but must pass on the benefits of that $100,000 exemption to their subrecipients that are at least capable of providing match amounts. Territories are exempt from the match requirement. See 24 CFR 576.201.

Potential Uses

ESG funds may be used for five program components (emphasis added):

  1. Street outreach, including engagement, case management, emergency health and mental health services, transportation, and services for special populations
  2. Emergency shelter, including case management, childcare, education services, employment assistance and job training, outpatient health services, legal services, and others
  3. Homelessness prevention, including rental assistance, financial assistance, and services such as landlord-tenant mediation and tenant legal services
  4. Rapid re-housing assistance, including rental assistance, financial assistance, and services including tenant legal services and credit repair, and
  5. Data collection through the Homeless Management Information System

Allowable legal services are defined in 24 CFR 576.102(a)(1)(vi) as “those services necessary to help program participants obtain housing or keep a program participant from losing housing where they currently reside.” See pg. 16 of HUD’s Notice CPD-20-08.



Administering Federal Agency

Office of Community Planning and Development, Office of Special Needs Assistance Programs

Find Your State/Local Administrator

To find your ESG administrator go here and check “Emergency Solutions Grants” under “Programs”.

Amount of Available Funding

To find contact information, report, awards, jurisdiction, and other data for organizations that receive HUD funding, including ESG, go here

More Information

To find examples of courts and/or their justice partners receiving these funds, click on the PDF.

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